Buying your first home is an exercise in faith. You don’t really know what you’re getting into, you’re awash in unfamiliar terminology and everyone you meet seems to have strong (and utterly contradictory) ideas about which way the housing market is headed.
You may not be able to avoid every home-purchase mistake, but you can keep your regrets to a minimum by avoiding the following traps:
Your agent may recommend a home inspector because he does a good job — or because he keeps his mouth shut about problems that could torpedo the sale.
Yes, it’s terrible to have to be so suspicious, but this is a big investment you’re making. A good home inspection can keep you from buying a money pit. You can ask your agent for a recommendation, but get referrals from other recent buyers and try to interview at least three potential candidates before making your choice.
Few states regulate home inspectors closely, so real-estate columnist Ilyce Glink recommends you choose someone who belongs to the American Society of Home Inspectors, which requires its members to complete at least 250 inspections (or 750 if they don’t have other licenses and experience). Ask about fees (which typically range from $300 to $700) and whether the inspector is licensed, bonded and insured, said Glink, author of “100 Questions Every First-Time Home Buyer Should Ask.” Make sure you get a detailed, written report and, if at all possible, accompany the inspector so you can discuss the findings while they’re still fresh.
Your agent, your broker and your lender don’t know what you can afford. At best, they know the underwriting guidelines for various loans, which are designed to minimize the lenders’ losses, not ensure that you’ll maintain your financial health.
As I wrote in “8 big mortgage mistakes and how to avoid them,” lenders know that you’ll do whatever it takes to pay your mortgage, even if that means shortchanging your retirement, forgoing vacations and piling on credit card debt. You need to be the one to set limits on how much you want to borrow and how you borrow it. In general, limiting your housing costs — including mortgage, property taxes and homeowner’s insurance — to 25% of your gross income will ensure you have enough money left over to cover other goals, like retirement savings.
I’m hearing this potentially dangerous advice more often now that so many markets are spiraling out of the reach of first-time home-buyers: Get a mortgage with a low payment now, then refinance in a few years when your income is higher. This is the way some brokers and lenders are hawking adjustable-rate mortgages as well as their more exotic cousins, interest-only and flexible-payment loans.
There are a couple of problems with this advice. The first and most obvious is that no one can predict where interest rates will be five years from now. If they’re substantially higher, you will have just passed up the opportunity to lock in rates when they were near generational lows. If your payment has been rising with those rates, you may not be able to afford your home even if your income is higher.
The other problem if you opt for one of the exotic mortgages is that you may not be building any equity in your home. If prices drop, you may owe more on your house than it’s worth, which is going to make refinancing pretty tough unless you can come up with a ton of extra cash.
More experienced homeowners who are disciplined about money might be able to handle a trickier mortgage.
The better advice for first-time home-buyers may be to opt for a loan that will remain fixed at least as long as you plan to be in the home. If you plan to move after five years, for example, a good choice might be hybrid loan that remains fixed for five years before becoming an adjustable-rate mortgage. If you’ll be in the home for a decade or more, or aren’t sure how long you’ll be there, you might want to opt for the security of a 30-year fixed-rate loan.
“You’re locking in your housing costs for the next 30 years,” said real-estate investor Gary W. Eldred, author of “The 106 Common Mistakes Homebuyers Make (and How to Avoid Them).” “If interest rates go up, your payment stays the same, and if they go down, you can refinance.” Before you decide on a mortgage, spend some time in MSN Money’s Home Financing Decision Center and educate yourself about the options.
Both can hurt your all-important credit score, the three-digit number lenders use to help gauge your credit worthiness. That can result in your getting stuck with a higher interest rate or losing the loan you want altogether. (Read more about credit scores at MSN Money’s credit rating Decision Center.)